Sightseeing guide for Budapest
Budapest History Museum
This is the main collection of Budapest' s archeological finds, charting the development of the various settlements from Roman times up until the thirteenth century. Visitors can see part of the medieval Royal Palace of Buda, also original everyday objects, document seals, weaponry, gravestones, and the Royal Palace' s Gothic statues.
Museum of Contemporary Art - Ludwig Museum Budapest
The museum displays modern art in general from the last 50 years, and the last ten years of modern Hungarian art in particular.
Hungarian National Gallery
This museum has over 100,000 items reflecting Hungarian history from the Magyar Conquest to the present day. You can admire medieval and renaissance stonework, gothic wooden statues and paintings, altarpieces, renaissance and baroque art, the Habsburg crypt, sculpture and much more.
Hungarian National Museum
Now responsible for the safe keeping of over a million objects, the National Museum traces its own history back to 1802 when it was founded with the medals, books and manuscript collection belonging to Count Ferenc Szechenyi. In 1846 it moved into the fine neo-classical building designed by Mihaly Pollack. Here you will be able to explore hungarian history from the founding of the state until 1990, coronation jewels and costumes.
The House of Future Centre
It is a popular park area, which gives place to exhibitions, performances, museums and gallery exhibitions. There are 2 unique permanent exhibitions (House of Future Exhibition and Palace of Miracles) and a wide variety of cultural programs, like concerts, festivals, theatrical performances, exhibitions and kids programs.
One of the largest museums dedicated to ethnography in the whole of Europe contains 139,000 items of Hungarian origin as well as a further 53,000 items of international interest. The building where this museum is housed belonged to the Royal Court, opposite the Parliament. The objects which you ca admire come from the renaissance, baroque and classical art.
Museum of Fine Arts
Hungary' s premier gallery of non-Hungarian works of art from early times right up to the present day is housed in a fine building right on the Heroe's square. The gallery began with a collection donated by Archbishop Pyrker of Eger and an extensive art collection purchased by the State in 1870 from the Esterhazy family. You can also admire Egyptian, Roman and Greek exhibits but there is a very good collevtion of Italian art. The Spanish collection includes 7 masterpieces by El Greco.
This is the best known and most spectacular Catholic Church in Budapest. The earliest parts have been built between the 13th and the 15th century. It gained its neo-Gothic appearance during rennovation 1896, and its frescoes and stained glass windows are made by Lotz, Zichy and Szekely.
Saint Stephen' s Basilica
This church is the largest church in Budapest. Inside the church you will have the opportunity to see the mummified right hand of Hungary' s first monarch, King Saint Stephen. Among many famous works of art, belong the statues of Strobl. Construction of the largest church of the capital (8,500 persons) was forced to stop when the war of Independence broke out in 1848, but then construction was resumed in 1851, followed by the immediate death of the two architects, and even the dome collapsed during the works. Works for the church with a Greek cross plan, were finally completed in 1905. The church was dedicated to the founder of the Hungarian state and Christian church in Hungary.
The Chain Bridge
In 1832, count Szechenyi, began to organize the construction of the bridge. While travelling in England, Szechenyi met wiith William Thierney Clark, who was commissioned to draft the plans for the bridge and it was finished in 1849. The retreating German troops blew up the Chain Bridge in January 1945.
The Houses of Parliament
The construction of Parliament began in 1885 according to plans by Imre Steindl. Completed in 1904 it is one of Europe' s most splendid Parliament buildings, reflecting its designer' s taste and the nation' s demands. At the same time it has become one of the landmarks of Budapest. The neo-gothic palace is 268 m long and its dome is 96 m high. The walls are decorated with statues of Hungarian monarchs and military commanders.
Fishermen' s Bastion
As part of the expansive plans for the reconstruction of Castle Hill in the late 19th century was that segment of the city-wall that stands behind Matthias Church. Between 1901 and 1905 the existing parts of the fortress were connected by neo-Romanesque corridors, terraces and towers following designs by Schulek. The Fishermen' s Bastion has become one of the capital' s landmarks, offering a panoramic view of the side of Pest.
The original construction of the bridge began in 1897 and finished in 1903, designed by Czekelius. This bridge was the world' s longest chain-bridge until 1926. In 1945 it was blown up by the retreating German troops.
Budapest is not only famous for its thermal baths, but also for its remarkable caves. The caves were formed by thermal waters in the first place. There are almost 200 known caves under the city and one can visit 4 of the most extensive and spectacular ones.
The temperature in this cave is 14°C and the humidity around 90%. The system stretches for over 6 miles beneath the streets and buildings of the ancient Castle district of Buda. A real labyrinth was formed in the under the Castle Hill. The value of this labytinth became obvious during the siege of Budapest towards the end of the Second World War. Thousands of people hid here in 1944 to 1945.
Chapel in the Rock
Gellert Hill Cave (also known as Saint Ivan' s Cave) can be entered from the hillside. The first modern entrance was constructed in 1926 and the interior of the cave was turned into a chapel. A Pauline monastery was built alongside and connected to the chapel with its own private entrance. Unfortunately, the communists destroyed the chapel in 1951. In 1992, it was finally restored into a chapel.
Budapest is richly endowed with natural springs of thermal waters possessing various medicinal properties. The most attractive spas are the 16th century Turkish baths, as well as the Szechenyi, the Gellert and many more.
This bath has a natural spring and became known in the early 13th century. It is worth visiting in order to relax and take advantage of its healing waters.
The Szechenyi is one of the biggest bathing complexes anywhere in Europe, whose spring is not only the hottest in the city but the deepest too.It was discovered in 1879. The beautiful building which houses the thermal baths was built in 1913. You can even swim in the outdoor pool during winter, due to the very warm water!